Every 1 in 12 women is prone to breast cancer in Pakistan these statistics are even more alarming than that of India. Breast cancer being one of the most common diseases in Pakistan it is important to be aware of it and take strict precautions in order to avoid and combat it at earliest possible time. Before jumping to any strict routine it you should know what breast cancer exactly is.
What is breast cancer?
Breast cancer is a disease where breast cells start multiplying at an abnormal rate. There are different kinds of breast cancer which depends on the type of cells that become cancerous in the breast.
Kinds of breast Cancer:
The most common kinds of breast cancer are:
- Invasive ductal carcinoma: The cancer cells grow outside the ducts into other parts of the breast tissue. Invasive cancer cells can also spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body.
- Invasive lobular carcinoma: Cancer cells spread from the lobules to the breast tissues that are close by. These invasive cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body.
What causes the cancer to develop in the breast?
Cancer begins in the cells that make up the breast tissue. Sometimes, the process of cell growth goes wrong and new cells form when the body doesn’t need them and old or damaged cells do not die as they should. When this occurs, a buildup of cells often forms a mass of tissue called a lump, growth, or tumor.
Types of Tumor
Tumor is an abnormal lump of cells that grows in the body. There are two types of tumor
- Benign Tumor: The tumor with normal cells is called benign. Which means the tumor is not life threatening.
- Malignant Tumor: The tumor with abnormal cells that multiply uncontrollably; these cells are cancerous and a serious threat.
Breast cancer occurs when malignant tumors develop in the breast. These cells can spread by breaking away from the original tumor and entering blood vessels or lymph vessels, which branch into tissues throughout the body.
Where the breast cancer starts:
Breast cancer can begin in different parts of the breast. A breast is made up of three main parts: lobules, ducts, and connective tissue. The lobules are the glands that produce milk. The ducts are tubes that carry milk to the nipple. The connective tissue (which consists of fibrous and fatty tissue) surrounds and holds everything together. Most breast cancers begin in the ducts or lobules. Breast cancer can spread outside the breast through blood vessels and lymph vessels.
Breast cancer can occur at any age but mostly women over 40 are more prone to getting breast cancer. Early examination can reduce and eliminate the chances of breast cancer. Doctors now advice women to start getting their routine check-ups done from the age of 20. The cancer is most curable with fewer complications when it’s diagnosed at its earliest stage.